Exempt specimens
Exempt animal specimens and exempt human specimens

They are collected directly from humans or animals and there is minimal likelihood that pathogens are present. An element of professional judgment is required to determine if a substance is exempt under this paragraph. That judgment should be based on the known medical history, symptoms and individual circumstances of the source, human or animal, and endemic local conditions.
Examples of specimens which may be carried under this paragraph include:
- the blood or urine tests to monitor cholesterol levels, blood glucose levels, hormone levels, or
prostate specific antibodies (PSA);
- those required to monitor organ function such as heart, liver or kidney function for humans or animals with non-infectious diseases, or for therapeutic drug monitoring;
- those conducted for insurance or employment purposes and are intended to determine the presence of drugs or alcohol; pregnancy test; biopsies to detect cancer; and antibody detection in humans or animals in the absence of any concern for infection (e.g. evaluation of vaccine induced immunity, diagnosis of autoimmune disease, etc.).


Cultures: are the result of a process by which pathogens are intentionally propagated.
This definition does not include human or animal patient specimens as defined in this paragraph;
Genetically modified organisms and Micro-organisms: if meet the definition of infectious substance class 6.2 must be assigned to UN 2814, UN 2900 or UN 3373, otherwise they must be assigned to UN3245 class 9.
Toxins: toxins of animal, vegetable or bacterial sources which do not contain infectious substances, should be considered as toxic substances Class 6.1, UN 3172 and they aren’t Class 6.2